Un plan de reactivación y reestructuración sencillo y sensible

Este post expone los puntos claves de un plan que busca tanto la reactivación post-COVID y una reforma estructural y es lo suficientemente sencillo para ser realizable en el corto y mejorable al largo plazo. Premisa El plan parte de una premisa clara e incontrovertible: Las reformas sociales que funcionan tienden a ser sencillas. Si…

Picture of a plan

Análisis completo del plan FMI

Da igual si es feo ó guapo, el plan FMI no es un plan de reactivación. Lo que se puede negociar en base a ese plan tampoco lo va a ser. &&& Listo, eso es todo lo que se puede/debe decir de ese plan. Decir cualquier cosa más es legitimar una negociación en base a…

Bad versus worse

Due to the severe dissatisfaction with the Costa Rica government’s over-reliance on taxes, Costa Rican social media is full of personal recriminations against those who voted for the now-President, Carlos Alvarado. These exploded recently as a result of Alvarado’s intention to raise taxes beyond what the country considers reasonable (as a response to COVID-19, oddly).…

All extremes are extremes

The ‘stay at home’ idea is a general recommendation based on AVAILABLE scientific evidence. It has absolutely nothing to do with ideology, to the point that there are even liberal and libertarian thinkers who agree that, at this time, we must social distance responsibly. A different thing is how a government implements the idea. A…

A visionary article about certifications from forty years ago

Some of us, scholars studying certifications, like to think that our field is very new. Yet, Taylor was writing about certifications a good forty years before we started thinking about them…

Shortest summary of my PhD—certificatory competition in voluntary carbon markets

The shortest summary of my PhD is: it’s hard to be a voluntary carbon offset certification! Check out the figure below. It shows the total value generated by the most prominent certifications in voluntary carbon markets (between the launch of the first fully-fledged certification and the beginning of the implementation of the Paris Agreement). ‘Blue’,…

A puzzling question about free markets and regulation

Carbon markets date back to the 1960s. Ronald Coase applied his idea of a pricing mechanism for the allocation of radio frequencies to questions of public harms such as environmental damages. The idea then saw improvement in the context of carbon markets in the 1960s/1970s. So, the mechanisms upon which modern carbon markets build are…

Carbon markets—simple yet not simple

In many ways, carbon trading and carbon markets are not as complicated as many believe. Explaining what carbon trading is, in fact, is surprisingly simple: Carbon offset certifications are also easy to explain: So, at the foundation, carbon trading/markets are not complicated. &&& What is complex/complicated is the governance of carbon markets. As a result…

Certificatory organisations you can’t avoid

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) The quality-oriented ISO 9000 is probably the most well-spread certificatory standards on the planet, but do you know how many more standards ISO has? A lot more! More than 21607! That’s right! Twenty-one THOUSAND standards, being used in ~163 countries. That’s a lot! The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)…

Is the market democratising access to hydrogen technologies?

This article deserves a read: Costa Rica soon to unveil its first hydrogen-powered bus. The article summarises an announcement by Ad Astra Rocket, a Costa Rican company, about the unveiling of the first hydrogen-powered bus in Costa Rica. Two fast considerations are noteworthy. Participating in the development of hydrogen technologies is typically thought of as…